Evaluation, Justice.

Zoe Limbert and Mary Oliver worked on the 2 minute film, Justice, as a group.

We initially began with individual research and ideas and then met up to do brainstorming. We decided on a chase scene with a psychological theme. We discussed our idea with Matt from AV and debated our options for a visual effect. Some of our ideas were to input graffiti that would later be changed into a sign, fake blood and scaring, smoke and mist machines, high-speed camera and other video filters. We then came up with a simple plan of our film outlining all of the key frames, camera angles/placements and possible locations. Based on these notes we explored locations and photographed possible places.

We sat down and wrote up a simple script that was later typed up in full detail and sent to the actors by Mary. We had a tutorial from Matt in how to use the green-screen, our decided visual effect. We practiced all of our shots the week before filming with Mary filming and Zoe acting out and checking on how well the sound worked in each area, deciding that we needed a sound booth for the outside shots and to pick up the voices of the children. Mary put an advert on a casting website and we cast 3 children for our film and a friend who does drama at Leeds University. We sent image release forms to all the cast long before filming and were given them back filled in on the day of filming. We practiced make up shots on the lead actor and documented this and then did some simple run throughs and practice shots involving the actor. We prepared the props such as the discharge paper, the hand towel and the letter with a photograph attached. Mary produced the storyboard that was used on the day of filming to make sure that none of the scenes were missed.

We booked our equipment to take out on the 22nd of October with an overnight form as we needed it for the weekend. We began filming at Leeds Art College with the main actor at 10.30 and filmed all the scenes the other actors were not involved in. Mary was using the camera and Zoe used the headphones and boom microphone, making sure the sound worked. Unfortunately the portable lighting that we had booked out had been broken so when filming the green-screen scene a shadow was cast under his arm, causing problems later in editing. Filming in the morning could not have gone better and we were lucky to have family and friends around to help with both carrying equipment and playing minor roles. We met the rest of the cast, the children at the Art College later at 3.00 and filmed at several locations. During reading week, from the 25th of October we both came in and edited for 3 full days, many scenes had to be cut down to fit the 2 minute brief. We edited the green-screen scene in after effects. After our presentation our only criticism was that the sound was too loud in parts. This was later edited.

Unforseen problems the we occurred during our filming were the portable light being broken, Mary being ill on our day of filming and how windy it was. We also did not realise the restrictions on filming in town and were unable to film in the Core shopping centre. On reflection we should have sort permission and take out high visibility vests. Later on in the day of filming the camera ran out of battery completely even though we had been careful to turn it off and the added sound equipment also ran out of battery but fortunately we could buy another one. Due to this by the time we wanted to do the rest of the filming it had suddenly become really dark and although we changed the settings to lighten the scene when edited these scenes became really grainy. Fortunately due to the nature of the film this look worked and filters were added to the rest of the film to match. With our shots in the lift we did not realise that more area was filmed than appeared on the screen although luckily only on our final shot was the camera not in shot. In another scene there is a slight reflection of the camera in the glass. We had trouble editing down our film as our final film was over 5 min long. We ended up changing the opacity and overlaying scenes. In areas where he shouted the sound was too loud and we also took many attempts to export our video so that the sound matched.

We were lucky with our filming with the weather as earlier in the week the weather was forecast for heavy rainfall. It was easy working together as we were both reliable as were our actors. We met policemen that asked to be involved and also managed to film some really natural reactions from the public, adding to the scenes. At the end of our film there was a car screech and a loud bang which we had not noticed whilst filming, but that worked perfectly to really emphasis our message.


Analysis of the filming and editing process.

I wrote these mini evaluations to charter the problems that we had during filming and post production. They were also intended to help with the team evaluation that we have to write, which will be posted as soon as we write it.


Filming –


Editing –

Revised storyboard, 2 minute film

This is the final storyboard for the 2 minute film, with notes and planning of shots.

Initial Storyboard and Film Outline

So far on the project myself and Mary had been working separately, we came together to have a general location finding day, that ended up in us figuring out the whole plan of the film. We started with an initial storyboard, then developed it into a written plan of the film. This was all done in my sketchbook, and I apologise for the scruffiness of it all.




This was a random single drawing on a page in my sketchbook, it shows how the use of a word is shown as a barrier to the children. In this sense (in it’s original form) it was the use of the word ‘mental’ graffitied above te door to the house, that prevented the children from entering. During the development of the film, this idea of a barrier was used in multiple ways. We used final cut to produce visual fx that made it seem like the children weren’t real, jump cuts were the key to this. We also used repetitive lines in the script, to make the whole scene seem abit unreal. All of this was done to create a dream like state, so that the viewer knew that the portrayed situation wasn’t happening but there was no clue to why it wasn’t happening – because it gets revealed at the end.

Watching films is the best research ever!

Here are the bits and bobs of research that I collected for the collaborative 2 minute film.



Some were more informative than others for the outcome that we wanted, but after doing individual research, we had alot more informatn on the psychological genre that helped us figure out what we needed to include in our film to achieve this.

This is the start of justice!

I will warn you now, this is the first post of my scanned in sketchbook work for the 2 minute film, in total there are 43 files. I’m going to split them up into diff posts so have no fear, the journey to Justice will be clear in no time.


My initial research lead me to make stereotypical conclusions about each set scenario. I looked at examples of love, chase and fighting scenes from films and came up with this.


After looking at these I came up with my first idea, this idea was about a bee, who was in love with a flower. I suppose the idea spawned from my initial thoughts at how love scenes showcase beauty, which came onto the fact that nature is beauty in its most natural form. I wanted to do a film that could class as at least two of the scenarios given. In this case it was a love scene alongside a chase scene.

After debating this idea for a while I decided that it wasn’t film material, it would be more suited to an animation. And since it was the beginning of the brief and my team hadn’t met up to discuss ideas I came up with another one. This idea was the one that I wanted to develop further, I had one problem though, I had no idea what happened at the end!

I really loved this idea, even though it didn’t have an end! Or background story, or any substance at all really… I guess I focused on the visuals of the piece rather than the actual idea behind it, hehe I suppose I got excited with the prospect of my first ever film! =) The last image in the four above was actually in our first group meeting, that was also shared with Matt from AV. This was when we came up with the basic idea of Justice, which at this time consisted of a man being haunted by his dead children that he thought were still alive. We hadn’t come up with any the background to it, all we knew is that we wanted to create a psychological thriller. So we parted ways and went off to do research.

Shooting order for Saturday 23rd October

I originally wrote this in my sketch book but seeing as I already have 40 scans from it I thought I would re-type this.

Plan for the day!

Meet with cast and crew at 3:00pm

Scene’s that can be shot with Richard alone in the morning:
-lift, part of scene five
-all of scene four, briggate
-only need Richard for the last scene but it is at Headingly, wouldn’t be worth travelling.

After we have met the cast:
-Scene 5, in college, upstairs bathroom
-Scene 2, alley near college
-Scene 3, stairs near St Johns park
-Scene 1, headingly
-Scene 6, headingly

We have a name! YAY!

After a fairly quick chat, and a dash of research me and Mary came up with the name for our 2 minute film. We originally thought it should be something along the lines of guilt, repercussions ect. So we decided on Justice! Mainly to highlight the fact that he gets what he deserves, even though this is a harsh way of putting it. I suppose we were looking for something that would shock people to get the reaction we wanted, and it is a don’t drink and drive campaign after all. And let’s face it the video is nowhere near as shocking as those real don’t drink and drive ads where that mangled up kid is under the table! OR is it more ‘shocking’ because it is basically saying if you drink and drive you are going to be haunted by your dead children, or whomever you killed in the accident…hmm…I don’t know…I’m just happy we have a title. =) Sorry for the rant, I get carried away!

P.s. this should have been posted last thursday…

Script for 2 minute film, by myself and Mary Oliver

Here is the first draft of our script written by Mary. We are going to use this as a basic script and get the actors to improvise when we film.

Chase Scene Script Chase Scene Script

Location – Headingly (INT)

[Pitch Black, Voice over of a Doctor]

DOCTOR: I’m so glad that your better, I hope that we don’t see you again.

Location – Headingly (EXT)

[Black turns into a door being opened, see it as a bright flash as he opens the door. Can hear the rustling of papers. Cut to over the shoulder shot, view discharge papers being read, photograph of father attached. Cut to view from the bottom of the stairs, see father viewing the discharge papers]

CHILDREN (ALL): Daddy, Dad! (Calling him)

[At the sound of the children’s voices he screws up/drops the paper and runs down to greet them. Hugs, down at their level, on knees]

FATHER: Oh my god, I’ve missed you guys so much, how are you all? …Hang on, how’d you get here? Where’s your Mother?

YOUNGEST GIRL: I don’t know Daddy, she’s gone.

ELDEST GIRL: Dad, come on, we have to find her, she’s not safe on her own.

Father: It’ll be ok, calm down, don’t worry …we’ll find her.

[Eldest daughter starts to walk away, father/children still kneeling/hugging. Cut to eldest in foreground, others in background, out of focus]

Eldest Girl: Come on dad, she’s not safe

[Turns to face the camera, Blank expression, Points at camera]

Eldest Girl: It’s this way

[Turns back to look at the others, Focus on the Father standing up, Eldest out of focus]

Father: How do you know? (Ignored – angry/frustrated)

Location – Alley near college (EXT)

[Camera faces their backs as they walk down the alley. Cuts to CCTV footage, can only see the Father. Cuts to midshot of Father/children in conversation, holding younger children’s hands, elder girl in front]

Father: Tell me! Why won’t you tell me? Where is she? (More frustrated)

[Cuts to CCTV half way through the argument showing him by himself, talking to himself, frustrated/arguing. Panics and begins running]

Location – Small Park, Town (EXT)

[Shot of father running down the stairs, children by the bannister. Cuts to scene from the bottom of the stairs]

Youngest Girl: Daddy! I haven’t seen you in ages, carry me carry me! …Can I have a hug? (Trying anything to slow him down)

Father: No, stop it, come on hurry up, she’s not safe, we have to find her.

Eldest Girl: Your right Dad, hurry, she’s not safe

[Begins running down the stairs. Cut to shot of him running down the stairs, wide shot. Cut to hand held shot, pans from side to side searching, can hear heavy breathing. Cut to front shot as he reaches Briggate, runs up to people]

Location – Town (EXT)

Father: Have you seen my wife?

[Looks towards camera, extreme close up. Zoom and use green screen to wobble the background. Extremely noisy, voices of the children layered over the top. Cut to wide shot, pans, runs into a doorway and crouches down, hands by face, looking around for the children]

Father: Oh my God where have they gone? (Muttering, panicked)

[Cut to wide shot, runs into a nearby shop through automatic doors]

Location – Art College (INT)

[Cut to close up as he pushes the lift button. Noisiest. Cut to wide shot as the doors open the father rushes in. Cut to mid-shot in the lift, Silence]

Father: Get a grip, just calm down (whispering)

[Cut to wide shot, as the doors open he runs out of the lift into the nearby toilet. Cut to close up of him splashing water on his face. Pats face with hand towel. No children in the background. Cuts to wide shot, can see mirror reflections. Pulls down towel from his face and sees the children in the mirror]

Father: Thank goodness, I thought I’d lost you

[Cut to front shot showing nobody behind him]

Father: Don’t leave me again

[Cut to wide mirror shot again]

Eldest Girl: Dad we know where she is, she’s fine, she’s worried about you, get home

Father: right ok

[Match cut, zoom into his face, and zoom out with green screen behind him. Bathroom scene fades into headingly street. Noises fade in]

Location – Headingly House (EXT)

[Cut to long shot, walks up stairs, can’t open the door – locked. Looks round for keys and notices the screwed up piece of paper. It’s now a note from his wife, photograph of children attached. Cut to over the shoulder shot as he reads the note. Cut to close up of note, voice over reads. Cut to close up of fathers face, puts hands over his mouth, and remembers guilt. Fades to black.]

The Fluid Vase by Fung Kwok Pan

Stumbled across a blog about Fung Kwok Pan’s Fluid Vase. Using an interactive piece of software you can create a vase based on the motion of running water crashing into a set object i.e. a cube. The results form this are visually very nice, and they would fit perfectly into a modern household.

Video of the proposed online interface

Designboom’s article on the Fluid Vase

Fung Kwok Pan’s website

Sound and Visual’s

A master of time-lapse photography.

In the late 1970’s Ron Fricke worked alongside Godfrey Reggio and Philip Glass on Koyaanisqatsi, a 1982 film about the turmoil of the current “way of living”.
Reggio and Glass worked hand-in-hand for 3 years scoring the film, making each individual second of visual act almost as an instrument in itself to be composed with the sound creating a completely rare and unforgettable experience. Having watched other such documentative films regarding global issues, such as Yann Arthus-Bertrand’s Home and Ron Fricke’s Baraka, this stands alone as unique. Whilst at times remaining completely unbiased, the film heavily relies on the political opinions that both Reggio and Fricke have, something that Baraka never manages to really get across (in my opinion largely down to the soundtrack); whereas it never really forces a set opinion on you like Home does. It offers the images, with caution only offering the statement ‘Koyaanisqatsi’ (meaning life out of balance) to say how he feels.

Philips Cinema – Parallel Lines Project

Parallel Lines was a campaign that Philips Cinema did at the beginning of this year. They gathered five directors from the Ridley Scott association and invited them to create a short film in a set genre, with a parallel piece of dialogue about a unicorn. The chosen genre’s where action, animation, science fiction, drama and thriller. The first film I saw from this project was The Gift by Carl Erik Rinsch, shown below.

Upon seeing this I was slightly confused with the unicorn aspect, but for nearly five minutes of film they get a lot of action in there. I especially like the CG robot, due to his motion through the filmed locations, and also how through this you can still tell that he is a robot as his movements are stiff and not very fluid. Although I love this as a piece of film I do think that they went a little too far with the action sequence at the end, but that may be because I am not a big fan of the action genre.

My favourite from Parallel lines has to be The Hunt by Jake Scott.

The location in The Hunt is beautiful,and the composition of the shots are done perfectly, it makes you feel like you are actually there. I like the difference in shots and how it switches between them for example, the opening long shot then the close up of the feet, then back to the long shot. The sound on this film is done really well as it is almost quiet on the long shots but then you have the close up, like the underwater one, it’s the contrast between the two that works well.

You can watch the whole five films here.

The Event

NBC’s new TV series, The Event, will be aired in the UK on the 20th October. I first came across this by the series of adverts that have been broadcast recently, and I must say they were extremely affective. Throughout the advert you get enough information to get a basic understanding of the up and coming series and similarly the use of “lost” information by the focus and sound techniques makes you want to see more so that you understand the full picture. For my current Digital Film brief the simple use of the characters falling in and out of focus accompanied by difference in sound and the use of muffling the voices, will be useful as our 2 minute film is about an internal mental fight/chase. I haven’t been able to find the UK advert which demonstrates this on the internet but I have found the American TV Preview, which gives a good insight into what the series is about.